Jun 2, 2020

Acireductone dioxygenase 1 (ADI1) is regulated by cellular iron by a mechanism involving the iron chaperone, PCBP1, with PCBP2 acting as a potential co-chaperone

Biochimica Et Biophysica Acta. Molecular Basis of Disease
Dong-Hun BaeDes R Richardson

Abstract

The iron-containing protein, acireductone dioxygenase 1 (ADI1), is a dioxygenase important for polyamine synthesis and proliferation. Using differential proteomics, the studies herein demonstrated that ADI1 was significantly down-regulated by cellular iron depletion. This is important, since ADI1 contains a non-heme, iron-binding site critical for its activity. Examination of multiple human cell-types demonstrated a significant decrease in ADI1 mRNA and protein after incubation with iron chelators. The decrease in ADI1 after iron depletion was reversible upon incubation of cells with the iron salt, ferric ammonium citrate (FAC). A significant decrease in ADI1 mRNA levels was observed after 14 h of iron depletion. In contrast, the chelator-mediated reduction in ADI1 protein occurred earlier after 10 h of iron depletion, suggesting additional post-transcriptional regulation. The proteasome inhibitor, MG-132, prevented the iron chelator-mediated decrease in ADI1 expression, while the lysosomotropic agent, chloroquine, had no effect. These results suggest an iron-dependent, proteasome-mediated, degradation mechanism. Poly r(C)-binding protein (PCBPs) 1 and 2 act as iron delivery chaperones to other iron-containing dioxygenases and ...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Proteomic Profiling
PCBP2
Cell Proliferation
Ligation
Deferoxamine
Dioxygenases
Iron Chelating Agents
Protein Expression
Molecular Chaperones
Post-Transcriptional Regulation

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