PMID: 108656Jul 1, 1978

Acquisition and discrimination of appetitively and aversively conditioned heart rate responses in rhesus monkeys

The Pavlovian Journal of Biological Science
G E BillmanD C Randall


This report describes the acquisition of a conditional heart rate response to both classical aversive and appetitive conditioning in eight rhesus monkeys (Macaca mulatta). The behavioral paradigm consisted of two discrete one minute tones followed by the corresponding unconditional stimuli, i.e., electric shock or Purina monkey chow. A third tone followed by neither food nor shock served as a discriminative stimulus (DS). The conditional heart rate responses developed in two phases. The first phase was characterized by similar responses to both conditional stimuli and the DS. Control heart rate rose during this period. During the second phase, control heart rate decreased (five animals), the DS response disappeared, and different conditional heart rate patterns to food and shock emerged. The existence of distinct conditional response patterns indicates probable differences in the autonomic nervous regulation of the heart during aversive and appetitive conditioning.

Related Concepts

Appetitive Behavior
Avoidance Learning
Conditioned Reflex
Discrimination Learning
Electrocardiographic Recorders
Habituation, Psychophysiologic
Pulse Rate
Macaca mulatta

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