PMID: 10235Mar 1, 1976

Action mechanisms of the contracting drugs, K, acetylcholine, histamine and Ba and of the antispasmodics, isoproterenol and papaverine in the isolated guinea pig ileum, particularly in relation to Ca

Nihon yakurigaku zasshi. Folia pharmacologica Japonica
I Ohmura


Shapes of the contractions induced by K, acetylcholine (AHc), histamine and Ba consisted of the phasic contraction (PC) and the subsequent tonic contraction (TC). PCs by K, ACh and histamine are initiated by the release and the passive influx of Ca, whereas that by Ba is only initiated by the release of Ca. TCs by K, ACh and histamine are maintained by the active influx of Ca, whereas that by Ba is maintained by the active influx and the release of Ca. Storage sites of Ca in the cell membrane of this preparation can be divided into three; the first, the second and the third, which contain the loosely, the less loosely-, and the tightly-bound Ca, respectively. K releases Ca to elicit contraction from the first division, ACh or histamine does so from the first and second divisions, and Ba does so from all of the three divisions. Based on the influence of high K-depolarizing bath solution on the relaxations by isoproterenol (Iso) and papaverine (Pap) and the effects of Iso and Pap on the shapes of contractions by K, ACh, Ba and exogenous Ca, the following assumptions were made: antispasmodic action of Iso is produced by inhibition of cell membrane (inhibition of release and influx of Ca), whereas that by Pap is due to this inhibit...Continue Reading


Jan 1, 1982·Toxicon : Official Journal of the International Society on Toxinology·A M Cameron, R J Lewis
Oct 4, 2007·The Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology·Hidemasa NagaiTeruaki Akao

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