PMID: 42218Nov 1, 1979

Action of aortic cathepsin D on serum low-density lipoproteins

Voprosy medit︠s︡inskoĭ khimii
I M KarmanskiĭV O Shpikiter

Abstract

Action of aortic cathepsin D on low density lipoproteins /LDL/ from human serum was studied by means of analytical ultracentrifugation. Cathepsin D intensively hydrolysed LDL, leading to decrease in the sedimentation coefficients of the product formed. The product of degradation of LDL possessing a sedimentation coefficient of 4.5 S /in 0,04 M KBr; 0,042 M NaCl, 2 mM EDTA, 6 mM Tris, pH 7.3 /contained apparently the minimal amount of proteins, which could still maintain the stability of partially hydrolysed LDL. When the degree of hydrolysis reached 40%, a heterogenous mixure, containing the flotating and slowly sedimenting products, was formed. These products gradually lost their solubility. The data obtained suggest that the insoluble products of the proteolysis may be formed in aortic wall some disorders of the lipoprotein metabolism.

Related Concepts

LDL-1
Ultracentrifugation
Hydrolysis
Hydrogen-Ion Concentration
Cathepsins
Ascending Aorta Structure

Trending Feeds

COVID-19

Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

Chronic fatigue syndrome is a disease characterized by unexplained disabling fatigue; the pathology of which is incompletely understood. Discover the latest research on chronic fatigue syndrome here.

Synapse Loss as Therapeutic Target in MS

As we age, the number of synapses present in the human brain starts to decline, but in neurodegenerative diseases this occurs at an accelerated rate. In MS, it has been shown that there is a reduction in synaptic density, which presents a potential target for treatment. Here is the latest research on synapse loss as a therapeutic target in MS.

Artificial Intelligence in Cardiac Imaging

Artificial intelligence (ai) techniques are increasingly applied to cardiovascular (cv) medicine in cardiac imaging analysis. Here is the latest research.

Position Effect Variegation

Position Effect Variagation occurs when a gene is inactivated due to its positioning near heterochromatic regions within a chromosome. Discover the latest research on Position Effect Variagation here.

Social Learning

Social learning involves learning new behaviors through observation, imitation and modeling. Follow this feed to stay up to date on the latest research.

Cell Atlas of the Human Eye

Constructing a cell atlas of the human eye will require transcriptomic and histologic analysis over the lifespan. This understanding will aid in the study of development and disease. Find the latest research pertaining to the Cell Atlas of the Human Eye here.

Single Cell Chromatin Profiling

Techniques like ATAC-seq and CUT&Tag have the potential to allow single cell profiling of chromatin accessibility, histones, and TFs. This will provide novel insight into cellular heterogeneity and cell states. Discover the latest research on single cell chromatin profiling here.

Genetic Screens in iPSC-derived Brain Cells

Genetic screening is a critical tool that can be employed to define and understand gene function and interaction. This feed focuses on genetic screens conducted using induced pluripotent stem cell (iPSC)-derived brain cells.