PMID: 4081332Nov 1, 1985

Action of isometamidium chloride on the insect vector form of Trypanosoma vivax

Research in Veterinary Science
W E Agu


The effect of isometamidium chloride upon developing and mature Trypanosoma vivax occurring in Glossina palpalis palpalis flies was evaluated. Newly emerged G p palpalis flies were infected with T vivax by allowing them to feed on parasitaemic animals. Two experiments were conducted and in each the flies were divided into two groups. One group of infected flies was fed in vitro through a membrane on defibrinated cow blood containing isometamidium chloride at 0.1 mg ml-1, after which they were dissected and examined for trypanosomes, and the other group was fed in the same way on unmedicated blood. The results showed that out of a total number of 129 flies which fed on medicated blood, none was infected, while 55 out of 127 flies which fed on unmedicated blood were infected. The results indicate that isometamidium chloride eliminated the insect vector form of T vivax. These findings are of potential significance in the control of trypanosomiasis in the field, particularly in the operation of the sterile insect technique.

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