May 1, 1978

Activation of guanylate cyclase by arachidonic acid in mammary gland homogenates from mice

Prostaglandins
J A Rillema

Abstract

Arachidonic acid stimulated guanylate cyclase activity about two fold in homogenates of mammary glands obtained from midpregnant mice; effects of arachidonic acid were observed during incubation periods between 5 and 20 minutes. Stimulatory effects of arachidonic acid on guanylate cyclase activity were observed when 10 to 100 microgram arachidonic acid was added to the reaction mixtures (150 microliter). When 250 microgram or more arachidonic acid was added to the reaction mixtures, the activity of guanylate cyclase was inhibited. Other fatty acids including linoleic acid, linolenic acid and oleic acid also stimulated guanylate cyclase activity but neither arachidic acid nor stearic acid had an effect. The arachidonic acid stimulation of guanylate cyclase activity was abolished by incubation with indomethacin and aspirin, thus suggesting the arachidonic acid effect may be carried out via the prostaglandins. A variety of prostaglandins, however, at several concentrations did not stimulate guanylate cyclase activity when added to the reaction mixtures. The failure of the prostaglandins to have an effect may be due to several reasons which are discussed.

Mentioned in this Paper

Mammary Gland
Arachidonic Acid
Osmosin
Stearic acid
Guanylate Cyclase Activity
alpha-Linolenic Acid
Stimulation of Guanylate Cyclase Activity
arachidic acid
Saturated Fat
Arachidonic Acid Measurement

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