PMID: 7213765Jan 26, 1981

Activation of rabbit platelet phospholipase and thromboxane synthesis by 1-O-hexadecyl/octadecyl-2-acetyl-sn-glyceryl-3-phosphorylcholine (platelet activating factor)

Biochimica Et Biophysica Acta
J O ShawD J Hanahan

Abstract

1-O-Hexadecyl/octadecyl-2-acetyl-sn-glyceryl-3-phosphorylcholine (AGEPC), structurally identical with platelet activating factor, is a potent stimulus for rabbit platelet aggregation and serotonin secretion. AGEPC at concentrations between 10(-10) and 10(-8) M induced stimulation of rabbit platelet synthesis of thromboxane B2. The dose vs. response curve for platelet thromboxane B2 synthesis was displaced slightly towards higher stimulus concentrations compared to [3H]serotonin secretion, with half-maximal concentrations of 2.5 . 10(-9) and 8 . 10(-10) M, respectively. Rates of thromboxane B2 synthesis and secretion were similar with a t 1/2 max of 4.0-4.5 s for both processes. AGEPC induced a decrease in platelet [14C]arachidonic acid in both phosphatidylinositol and phosphatidylcholine, although [14C]arachidonic acid turnover in phosphatidylcholine was not observed below 1 . 10(-8) M AGEPC. Concomitantly, this decrease in phospholipid [14C]arachidonic acid was associated with a marked increase of radiolabel in platelet diacylglycerol and phosphatidic acid 15 s after AGEPC addition, suggesting the possibility of a phospholipase C-diacylglycerol lipase mechanism of fatty acid cleavage. As observed previously with secretion and ...Continue Reading

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Related Concepts

Serotonin Secretion
Phosphatidylinositols
Platelet Aggregation Measurement
Arachidonic Acid
Aggregation
Cytokinesis of the Fertilized Ovum
Process of Secretion
Phosphatidylcholines
Chinchilla Rabbits
Phosphatidic Acid

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