PMID: 5914252Sep 1, 1966

Active transport of sodium and potassium in mammalian skeletal muscle and its modification by nerve and by cholinergic and adrenergic agents

The Journal of Physiology
M DockryA Tangney


1. Active transport of Na(+) and K(+) by Na-rich extensor digitorum and soleus muscles of rat was found to be increased considerably when muscles were innervated during enrichment with Na(+) in K-free modified Krebs solution containing 160 mM-Na at 2 degrees C and recovery in a similar fluid with 10 mM-K and 137 mM-Na at 37 degrees C, bubbled with oxygen.2. Addition of acetylcholine (2.0 mug/ml.) to recovery fluid containing denervated extensors increased active transport, whereas addition of eserine (50 mug/ml.), decamethonium (0.1 mug/ml.) and to a lesser extent tubocurarine (0.26 mug/ml.) inhibited active transport. Blocking of nerve conduction in innervated extensor inhibited K(+) uptake more than Na(+) excretion.3. The membrane potential of Na-rich extensor muscles measured soon after re-immersion in recovery fluid was higher in denervated than in innervated muscles. In the latter it was close to the K-equilibrium potential (E(K)). It is suggested that denervation here makes the Na-pump electrogenic by decreasing K(+) uptake either by decreased permeability or by inactivating a K-pump. Evidence is presented that the latter is more likely.4. Addition of isoprenaline to Na-rich soleus muscles in recovery fluid increased acti...Continue Reading


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Related Concepts

Acetylcholine Sulfate (1: 1)
Decamethonium Compounds
Muscle Denervation Procedure
Nerve Conduction Function
Tubocurarine Chloride

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