Activities of amylase, trypsin and lipase in the pancreas and small intestine of the laying hen during egg formation

British Poultry Science
N RideauP Mongin


1. During a cycle of 14 h artificial light and 10 h darkness, dry matter and enzyme concentrations were measured in the pancreas and gut of egg-forming hens. 2. Dry or fresh pancreas weight did not show significant variation but pancreatic enzyme activities increased gradually from 2 to 22 h after oviposition. 3. Total wet and dry matter contents of the small intestine gradually increased from 2 to 18 h after oviposition and then decreased significantly. Intestinal tryptic activity followed the same pattern whereas intestinal amylase gradually decreased from 2 h after oviposition; intestinal lipase activity tended to decrease during the light period (2 to 10 h after oviposition) and to increase during the dark period (14 to 22 h after oviposition). 4. By contrast, patterns of enzyme activity in the pancreas were similar. It is proposed that modification of the chyme and transit rates during the day may affect pancreatic enzyme fate and distribution in the small intestine. 5. In non-egg-forming birds intestinal contents and enzyme activities were less than in egg-forming birds. The reverse was observed in the case of the pancreas where contents and enzyme activities were increased. A relationship with food intake pattern is disc...Continue Reading


Sep 1, 1976·British Poultry Science·P Mongin
Jul 1, 1974·British Poultry Science·P Mongin, B Sauveur
Jul 1, 1974·British Poultry Science·P Mongin, B Sauveur
Jan 1, 1972·The Journal of Clinical Investigation·J A Morisset, P D Webster
Nov 1, 1957·The Journal of Histochemistry and Cytochemistry : Official Journal of the Histochemistry Society·M M NACHLASA M SELIGMAN
Nov 1, 1961·Archives of Biochemistry and Biophysics·B F ERLANGERW COHEN

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