Sep 1, 1980

Activities of enzymes involved in amino-acid metabolism in developing rat placenta

European Journal of Biochemistry
X RemesarM Alemany


Aspartate transaminase, alanine transaminase, glutamate dehydrogenase, arginase, serine dehydratase, tyrosine transaminase, glutamine synthetase, glutaminase and adenylate deaminase activities were measured in crude homogenates of 12, 19 and 21-day rat placentae. There is a considerable quantitative importance in enzymes able to produce free ammonia, such as adenylate deaminase and glutamate dehydrogenase, activity that progressively decrease with the age of placenta. The glutamine synthetase and tyrosine transaminase activities increase with age, while serine dehydratase decreases considerably and aspartate and alanine transaminase do not change practically. Arginase shows a maximum at 19, with lower 12 and 21-day activities. No measurable glutaminase activity has been found. The possible implications of the enzymes studied upon the ammonia-producing activity of rat placenta are discussed together with the relative decreasing role of placenta for the overall metabolic activity of the foetus, especially during the last phases of its development.

  • References12
  • Citations15


  • References12
  • Citations15


Mentioned in this Paper

Metabolic Process, Cellular
Fetal Structures
Entire Fetus
Enzymes, antithrombotic
Placenta Specimen
SDS gene
Glutaminase Activity
Glutamate-Ammonia Ligase

About this Paper

Trending Feeds


Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Bone Marrow Neoplasms

Bone Marrow Neoplasms are cancers that occur in the bone marrow. Discover the latest research on Bone Marrow Neoplasms here.

IGA Glomerulonephritis

IgA glomerulonephritis is a chronic form of glomerulonephritis characterized by deposits of predominantly Iimmunoglobin A in the mesangial area. Discover the latest research on IgA glomerulonephritis here.

Cryogenic Electron Microscopy

Cryogenic electron microscopy (Cryo-EM) allows the determination of biological macromolecules and their assemblies at a near-atomic resolution. Here is the latest research.

STING Receptor Agonists

Stimulator of IFN genes (STING) are a group of transmembrane proteins that are involved in the induction of type I interferon that is important in the innate immune response. The stimulation of STING has been an active area of research in the treatment of cancer and infectious diseases. Here is the latest research on STING receptor agonists.

LRRK2 & Immunity During Infection

Mutations in the LRRK2 gene are a risk-factor for developing Parkinson’s disease. However, LRRK2 has been shown to function as a central regulator of vesicular trafficking, infection, immunity, and inflammation. Here is the latest research on the role of this kinase on immunity during infection.

Antiphospholipid Syndrome

Antiphospholipid syndrome or antiphospholipid antibody syndrome (APS or APLS), is an autoimmune, hypercoagulable state caused by the presence of antibodies directed against phospholipids.

Meningococcal Myelitis

Meningococcal myelitis is characterized by inflammation and myelin damage to the meninges and spinal cord. Discover the latest research on meningococcal myelitis here.

Alzheimer's Disease: MS4A

Variants within membrane-spanning 4-domains subfamily A (MS4A) gene cluster have recently been implicated in Alzheimer's disease by recent genome-wide association studies. Here is the latest research.