Activity of GH/IGF-1 axis in burn patients: comparison with normal subjects and patients with GH deficiency

Journal of Endocrinological Investigation
L GianottiE Ghigo


The aim of this study was to clarify the activity of GH/IGF-1 axis as well as the variations of nutritional parameters following a thermal injury in man. To this goal, in 22 patients with burn [BURN, age (mean+/-SE): 46.5+/-3.4 yr, BMI: 25.0+/-0.8 kg/m2, % burn surface area: 26.0+/-3.0%, ROI score: 0.22+/-0.1] we evaluated IGF-1, IGF binding protein (IGFBP-3), GH, GH binding protein (GHBP), pre-albumin (pre-A), albumin (A) and transferrin (TRA) levels on days 1, 3, 7, 14 and 28 after intensive care unit (ICU) admission. IGF-1, IGFBP-3, GH and GHBP levels were also assayed basally in 29 normal subjects (Ns) (Ns, age: 47.5+/-2.8 yr, BMI: 22.0+/-1.4 kg/m2) and in 34 panhypopituitary patients with severe GH deficiency (GHD, age: 42.7+/-2.5 yr, BMI: 25.6+/-0.8 kg/m2). On ICU day 1, IGF-1 and IGFBP-3 in BURN were higher than those in GHD (p<0.05 for both, respectively) and lower than those in Ns (p<0.05) while GH levels in BURN did not differ from those in Ns and higher than GHD (p<0.01). In BURN, IGF-I and IGFBP-3 levels showed a progressive decline (p<0.05) with nadir on day 14, when they overlapped those in GHD, and then an increase on day 28, though persisting lower than in Ns, while GH levels did not vary during ICU stay. IGF-I ...Continue Reading


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