Activity of precentral neurons during torque-triggered hand movements in awake primates

Canadian Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology
Y C WongJ T Murphy


In monkeys performing a handle-repositioning task involving primarily wrist flexion-extension (F-E) movements after a torque perturbation was delivered to the handle, single units were recorded extracellularly in the contralateral precentral cortex. Precentral neurons were identified by passive somatosensory stimulation, and were classified into five somatotopically organized populations. Based on electromyographic recordings, it was observed that flexors and extensors about the wrist joint were specifically involved in the repositioning of the handle, while many other muscles which act at the wrist and other forelimb joints were involved in the task in a supportive role. In precentral cortex, all neuronal responses observed were temporally correlated to both the sensory stimuli and the motor responses. Visual stimuli, presented simultaneously with torque perturbations, did not affect the early portion of cortical responses to such torque perturbations. In each of the five somatotopically organized neuronal populations, task-related neurons as well as task-unrelated ones were observed. A significantly larger proportion of wrist (F-E) neurons was related to the task, as compared with the other, nonwrist (F-E) populations. The ab...Continue Reading


Dec 1, 1992·The Journal of Hand Surgery : Journal of the British Society for Surgery of the Hand·J W Brandsma, P W Brand
Oct 13, 1978·Brain Research·P L Strick, J B Preston
May 1, 1980·The Canadian Journal of Neurological Sciences. Le Journal Canadien Des Sciences Neurologiques·J T MurphyY C Wong

Related Concepts

Insula of Reil
Operant Conditioning
Surface Electromyography

Trending Feeds


Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Alzheimer's Disease: MS4A

Variants within the membrane-spanning 4-domains subfamily A (MS4A) gene cluster have recently been implicated in Alzheimer's disease in genome-wide association studies. Here is the latest research on Alzheimer's disease and MS4A.

Pediculosis pubis

Pediculosis pubis is a disease caused by a parasitic insect known as Pthirus pubis, which infests human pubic hair, as well as other areas with hair including eye lashes. Here is the latest research.

Rh Isoimmunization

Rh isoimmunization is a potentially preventable condition that occasionally is associated with significant perinatal morbidity or mortality. Discover the latest research on Rh Isoimmunization here.

Genetic Screens in iPSC-derived Brain Cells

Genetic screening is a critical tool that can be employed to define and understand gene function and interaction. This feed focuses on genetic screens conducted using induced pluripotent stem cell (iPSC)-derived brain cells. It also follows CRISPR-Cas9 approaches to generating genetic mutants as a means of understanding the effect of genetics on phenotype.

Enzyme Evolution

This feed focuses on molecular models of enzyme evolution and new approaches (such as adaptive laboratory evolution) to metabolic engineering of microorganisms. Here is the latest research.

Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

Chronic fatigue syndrome is a disease characterized by unexplained disabling fatigue; the pathology of which is incompletely understood. Discover the latest research on chronic fatigue syndrome here.

Pharmacology of Proteinopathies

This feed focuses on the pharmacology of proteinopathies - diseases in which proteins abnormally aggregate (i.e. Alzheimer’s, Parkinson’s, etc.). Discover the latest research in this field with this feed.

Alignment-free Sequence Analysis Tools

Alignment-free sequence analyses have been applied to problems ranging from whole-genome phylogeny to the classification of protein families, identification of horizontally transferred genes, and detection of recombined sequences. Here is the latest research.