DOI: 10.1101/481903Nov 29, 2018Paper

Activity or Connectivity? Evaluating neurofeedback methods in Huntington's disease

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
Marina PapoutsiSarah J Tabrizi

Abstract

Non-invasive methods, such as neurofeedback training (NFT), could support cognitive symptom management in Huntington's disease (HD) by targeting brain regions whose function is impaired. The aim of our single-blind, sham-controlled study was to collect rigorous evidence regarding the feasibility of NFT in HD by examining two different methods, activity and connectivity real-time fMRI NFT. Thirty-two HD gene-carriers completed 16 runs of NFT training, using an optimized real-time fMRI protocol. Participants were randomized into four groups, two treatment groups, one receiving neurofeedback derived from the activity of the Supplementary Motor Area (SMA), and another receiving neurofeedback based on the correlation of SMA and left striatum activity (connectivity NFT), and two sham control groups, matched to each of the treatment groups. We examined differences between the groups during NFT training sessions and after training at follow-up sessions. Transfer of training was measured by measuring the participants' ability to upregulate NFT target levels without feedback (near transfer), as well as by examining change in objective, a-priori defined, behavioural measures of cognitive and psychomotor function (far transfer) before and ...Continue Reading

Related Concepts

Brain
Cognition
Huntington Disease
Learning
Motor Cortex
Patient Transfer
Physiological Aspects
Placebos
Psychomotor Performance
Randomization

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