Actomyosin-driven force patterning controls endocytosis at the immune synapse

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
Anita KumariPaolo Pierobon

Abstract

An important channel of cell-to-cell communication is direct contact. The immune synapse is a paradigmatic example of such type of interaction: it forms upon engagement of antigen receptors in lymphocytes by antigen-presenting cells and allows the local exchange of molecules [1]. Although mechanics has been shown to play an important role in this process [2], how forces organize and impact on synapse function is unknown. We found that mechanical forces are spatio-temporally patterned at the immune synapse: global contractile forces are observed at the synapse periphery and local point-like forces are detected at its centre. The global contractile forces result from a pulsatile centripetal actomyosin flow that leads to formation of F-actin protrusions from which the central point-like forces emerge. Noticeably, these force-producing actin protrusions constitute the main site of antigen extraction and endocytosis. Accordingly, deletion of the myosin IIA gene leads to impaired B cell responses. The interplay between global and local forces governed by the actomyosin cytoskeleton therefore controls the endocytic function of the immune synapse and might constitute a more general mechanism in the physical regulation of cell-cell inte...Continue Reading

Related Concepts

Actins
Actomyosin
Antigen-Presenting Cells
Antigens
Cell Communication
Cytoskeleton
Endocytosis
Gene Deletion
Ion Channel
Lymphocyte

Related Feeds

BioRxiv & MedRxiv Preprints

BioRxiv and MedRxiv are the preprint servers for biology and health sciences respectively, operated by Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory. Here are the latest preprint articles (which are not peer-reviewed) from BioRxiv and MedRxiv.