PMID: 3593044Apr 1, 1987

Acute anaphylactoid reactions during hemodialysis in France

Artificial Organs
M ForêtD Cordonnier

Abstract

A retrospective survey of anaphylactoid reactions during dialysis in France was conducted. In 52 of 112 hemodialysis units surveyed 111 patients who had suffered one or more anaphylactoid reactions during dialysis were identified. According to the Hamilton/Adkinson classification, in 31 patients reactions were minor, in 54 patients moderate, and in 26 patients severe. Four patients died of their reactions. A preponderance of reactions (75 and 11%) occurred with cuprammonium cellulose hollow-fiber and plate dialyzers, respectively. Severe dialyzer reactions were found to occur more frequently after the long (weekend) interdialytic interval. In an in vitro study, six brands of cuprammonium cellulose hollow-fiber dialyzers were rinsed with water and the eluates analyzed by size exclusion chromatography for contaminant particles. Substantial variation in the amount of extractable material was found between dialyzers of different brands, despite the fact that all dialyzers used membranes from the same manufacturer. Previous data by others has suggested that this extractable material is a derivative of cellulose. Results of our epidemiologic survey in France are similar to those previously reported in the United States and suggest an...Continue Reading

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Related Concepts

Cuprammonium cellulose
Anaphylaxis
Byssinosis
Sulfite Cellulose
Molecular Sieve Chromatography
High Pressure Liquid Chromatography Procedure
Ethylene Oxide
Hemodialysis
Renal Dialysis Machine
Membranes, Artificial

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