Dec 31, 2003

Acute community-acquired bacterial sinusitis: the value of antimicrobial treatment and the natural history

Clinical Infectious Diseases : an Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
Jack M GwaltneyJames T Patrie

Abstract

Two areas of investigation were reviewed: (1) placebo-controlled trials of antimicrobial treatment involving patients with a clinical diagnosis of acute community-acquired bacterial sinusitis (ACABS) for whom pre- and posttherapy sinus aspirate cultures were not performed, and (2) uncontrolled trials of antimicrobial treatment involving patients with ACABS for whom pre- and posttherapy sinus aspirate cultures were performed. The clinical diagnostic criteria in the controlled trials were not correlated with sinus aspirate culture results and, thus, were of questionable validity. Most of the populations probably included patients with viral rhinosinusitis. In 10 uncontrolled studies, the posttreatment, weighted, pooled mean bacterial resolution rate (+/- standard error) at 7-10 days, based on sinus aspirate culture results, was 91%+/-10%. In 9 controlled trials, the weighted pooled mean rate of clinical improvement (+/- standard deviation) at 7-14 days for placebo recipients was 52%+/-18%. In 1 controlled trial in which diagnosis was based on duration of unimproved illness, 57% of placebo recipients and 85.5% of treated patients were healthy or had improved by day 10. Additional studies of ACABS are needed.

  • References21
  • Citations29

References

  • References21
  • Citations29

Citations

Mentioned in this Paper

Sinusitis Bacterial
Patient Non-Compliance
Rhinosinusitis
Sinus - General Anatomical Term
Acute Disease
Aspirate Substance
Sinus brand of acetaminophen-pseudoephedrine
Cutaneous Fistula
Microbicides
Pathologic Fistula

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