Acute effect of systemic versus intracoronary dipyridamole on coronary circulation

The American Journal of Cardiology
E MarchantP Casanegra

Abstract

Dipyridamole has been proposed as an ideal agent to evaluate coronary vascular reserve because it produces selective coronary vasodilation without systemic hemodynamic effect. The actions of intracoronary (IC) and intravenous (IV) dipyridamole on coronary blood flow and systemic hemodynamics were compared in 15 patients with chest pain syndrome and normal coronary arteries. They received IC dipyridamole, followed 10 minutes later by 0.5 mg/kg of IV dipyridamole. IC dipyridamole produced a 73% increase in coronary sinus flow without hemodynamic changes, except for a slight increase in pulmonary systolic and diastolic pressures. IV dipyridamole administration produced an additional 88% increase in coronary sinus flow, reaching 172% over baseline; it was also associated with a significant (p less than 0.01) increase in heart rate (78 +/- 14 vs 102 +/- 19 beats/min), cardiac index (4 +/- 0.7 vs 6.3 +/- 1.7 liters/min/m2), and pulmonary artery systolic (27 +/- 5 vs 34 +/- 7 mm Hg) and diastolic pressures (12 +/- 4 vs 19 +/- 7 mm Hg). These data suggest that the coronary vasodilatory effect seen after IV dipyridamole administration is related to mechanisms other than direct coronary vasodilation.

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