Acute Generalized Peritonitis in a Peripheral Hospital Centre in Benin: Can It Be Managed by a Local General Practitioner?

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Semevo Romaric TOBOMERoberto CARONNA

Abstract

Background: Acute generalized peritonitis is a highly lethal and unfortunately common disease in developing countries. Moreover, lack of specialists and their concentration in main towns, expose the patients to a high but avoidable risk of complications or death. We report the experience of a peripheral hospital in Benin not equipped with specialized surgeons.Methods: This is a descriptive study including patients operated for acute generalized peritonitis from March 1st 2018 to November 30th 2019 at the Atacora Departmental Hospital Centre, Benin. This hospital lacks a CT scan and an intensive care unit. Most of the surgical activity is performed by a General Practitioner with previous surgical training (but no surgical specialization). For the purpose of the study, we evaluated the following patients’ data: age, gender, cause of peritonitis, surgical procedures, postoperative outcome and hospital stay. Results: A total of 63 patients were selected, with a mean age of 23.2 yrs and a sex ratio of 1.5. The mean operative delay was 26 hours (range 6 - 92 hours). An ileal “typhic” perforation was found in 40 patients (63.5%) and 35 of them (87.5%) could benefit of primary repair without bowel resection. 73% of surgical procedures ...Continue Reading

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