PMID: 7709593Feb 1, 1995Paper

Acute intra-abomasal toxicity of tannic acid in sheep

Veterinary and Human Toxicology
J Zhu, L J Filippich


Acute tannic acid toxicity was studied in 6 adult Merino ewes by administering 7-10% (w/v) tannic acid solution once into the abomasum via an abomasal fistula at dose rates of 0.5, 1.0 or 2.0 g tannic acid/kg body weight. Samples of blood, urine and abomasal fluid were collected over a 48-h period before the sheep were necropsied 48 h after dosing. Dose rates of 1.0 and 2.0 g tannic acid/kg body weight produced abomasal, liver and kidney lesions. The abomasum had superficial mucosal erosions, hemorrhage and submucosal edema; the liver showed midzonal or periacinar coagulative necrosis; and the kidneys had focal tubular vacuolation and necrosis. In sheep dosed with 1.0 g tannic acid/kg body weight, there was a significant (P < 0.01) decrease in plasma phosphate and an increase in plasma aspartate aminotransferase and urea levels. Plasma total protein concentrations significantly (P < 0.05) decreased 24 h after dosing, but returned to normal by 48 h. By 4 h after dosing, abomasal fluid pH was significantly (P < 0.01) higher than predosing value, whereas urine pH significantly (P < 0.05) decreased. Both abomasal fluid and urine pH returned to normal 48 h after dosing. The liver and kidney damage seen in this study, in contrast to ...Continue Reading

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