Changes in auditory brain-stem responses (BER's) and somatosensory evoked responses (SER's) were investigated to correlate mass volume, intracranial pressure, and neurological dysfunction in mass-induced intracranial hypertension in cats. As the intracranial pressure was raised by expansion of a supratentorial balloon, the late components of the SER's were suppressed first, followed by the early components of the SER's, then Wave V and Wave IV of the BER's, in that order. This suggests that the nonspecific reticular projections are most vulnerable to compression ischemia, and the specific somatosensory pathways are the next most vulnerable. Neural activity of the auditory pathways in the upper brain stem was also gradually suppressed, but less so than that of the somatosensory pathways. After complete transtentorial herniation, in spite of immediate mass evacuation, the function of the somatosensory pathways was greatly impaired, often irreversibly. The neural activity of the auditory pathways in the upper brain stem revealed progressive recovery during a 3-hour period. The measurements of BER Wave V is thought to be useful in predicting transtentorial herniation.
Sequential changes of auditory brain stem responses in relation to intracranial and cerebral perfusion pressure and initiation of secondary brain stem damage
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Here is the latest research on barrel cortex, a region of somatosensory and motor corticies in the brain, which are used by animals that rely on whiskers for world exploration.
Auditory perception is the ability to receive and interpret information attained by the ears. Here is the latest research on factors and underlying mechanisms that influence auditory perception.