PMID: 10550Sep 18, 1976

Acute kidney failure during periarteritis nodosa

La Nouvelle presse médicale
A KanferG Richet

Abstract

In 9 patients aged 16 to 71 years with acute renal failure, histological examination disclosed polyarteritis nodosa. Symptoms of rapidly progressive glomerulonephritis (GN) were present in 7 cases. Hypertension was a constant feature. Fever and muscular articular and cutaneous signs occured at times simulating Henoch-Schönlein purpura. Necrotizing angiitis was a constant finding, with perivascular granuloma in 7 cases. Lesions affecting smaller arteries were associated with diffuse or segmental extracapillary GN, and lesions of larger arteries with ischaemic appearance of the glomeruli. Diagnosis was obtained during life by percutaneous renal biopsy in 5 patients and muscular or cutaneous biopsy in 2 other patients, whereas the evidence was only obtained on post mortem examination in the 2 remaining patients. In the 6 renal biopsies examined by immunofluorescence, fibrinogen was always present in glomeruli and/or arteries. In one patient there was a linear deposit of IgG along glomerular basement membrane (GBM) and there were circulating antibodies directed against GBM. Arteries of different sizes may be damaged in various organs, as showed by arteriography and autopsy. Steroid therapy and immunosuppressive drugs had no effect ...Continue Reading

Related Concepts

Adrenal Cortex Hormones
Arteritis
Autoimmune Diseases
Gamma-Fibrinogen
Immunofluorescence Assay
Hypertensive Disease
Polyglobin
Immunosuppressive Agents
Kidney Glomerulus
Polyarteritis Nodosa

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