Acute limb ischemia following aortic reconstruction. A preventable cause of increased mortality

Archives of Surgery
J A StromJ B Towne

Abstract

Acute limb ischemia following aortic reconstruction is primarily related to intraoperative technical errors and is associated with significantly increased mortality. Elective aortic reconstruction was performed on 262 patients between 1975 and 1981. Surgical indications were aneurysm in 84 patients (32%), occlusive disease in 125 (48%), and both of these in 53 (20%). Acute limb ischemia developed postoperatively in 27 patients (10.3%); it was noted at the conclusion of the operation in five (19%) of them and within the first 48 hours in 22 (81%). The mortality was greater in the combined aneurysm and occlusive disease group than in the aneurysm-only and occlusive disease-only groups, primarily because of an increased incidence of myocardial disease in the combined group. Postoperative limb ischemia was mainly a result of technical error and resulted in increased mortality in all groups.

Citations

Apr 12, 2016·Frontiers in Surgery·Shahab ToursavadkohiAlexander Shepard
Oct 9, 2004·Journal of Vascular Surgery·Thomas S MaldonadoThomas S Riles
Dec 8, 2004·Seminars in Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia·J Nana Ghansah, J Thomas Murphy
Jan 1, 1997·The Australian and New Zealand Journal of Surgery·G Kuhan, S Raptis

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