Acute pericarditis caused by Streptococcus pneumoniae in young infants and children: three case reports and a literature review

International Journal of Infectious Diseases : IJID : Official Publication of the International Society for Infectious Diseases
Yael FeinsteinDavid Greenberg

Abstract

We present three cases of pericarditis caused by Streptococcus pneumoniae diagnosed in children. The presenting symptoms were fever, dyspnea, tachycardia, and hepatomegaly. Chest X-rays showed an enlarged heart silhouette and echocardiographic examination revealed a pericardial effusion in all cases. S. pneumoniae was recovered from the pericardial fluid and/or blood in all cases. Systemic antibiotic treatment and dopaminergic agents were used; all patients recovered completely. Another 10 cases of S. pneumoniae pericarditis in children reported since 1980 are presented. Most cases had preceding respiratory symptoms and had a good outcome. While rare and life-threatening, pericarditis caused by S. pneumoniae has a good outcome if diagnosed early and treated adequately.

References

Mar 7, 1998·Bone Marrow Transplantation·J A Pérez RetortilloA Zubizarreta
Nov 25, 1998·Clinical Infectious Diseases : an Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America·C GoH Saltzman
Mar 10, 2006·Clinical Microbiology and Infection : the Official Publication of the European Society of Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases·B KanA Ortqvist

❮ Previous
Next ❯

Citations

Jul 25, 2012·Asian Journal of Endoscopic Surgery·V AgrawalD Sharma
Jan 31, 2015·International Journal of Emergency Medicine·Carl Frederik Brandt SimonÿStig Andersen
Apr 5, 2017·Pediatric Emergency Care·Courtney W MangusThuy L Ngo
Sep 24, 2015·Jornal brasileiro de pneumologia : publicaça̋o oficial da Sociedade Brasileira de Pneumologia e Tisilogia·Catia CillónizAntonello Nicolini
Jun 22, 2012·Cardiology in the Young·Lee MorrisMichael Tosi
Aug 8, 2014·Pediatric Emergency Care·Jose Carlos Flores-GonzálezSebastián Quintero-Otero
Feb 6, 2013·Proceedings·Matthew N PetersAnand M Irimpen
Jul 16, 2021·European Heart Journal. Case Reports·Eleni BousoulaEftihia Sbarouni

❮ Previous
Next ❯

Related Concepts

Related Feeds

Antifungals

An antifungal, also known as an antimycotic medication, is a pharmaceutical fungicide or fungistatic used to treat and prevent mycosis such as athlete's foot, ringworm, candidiasis, cryptococcal meningitis, and others. Discover the latest research on antifungals here.

Bacterial Pneumonia (ASM)

Bacterial pneumonia is a prevalent and costly infection that is a significant cause of morbidity and mortality in patients of all ages. Here is the latest research.

Anorexia Nervosa

Anorexia nervosa (AN) is a psychiatric condition characterized by severe weight loss and secondary problems associated with malnutrition. Here is the latest research on AN.

Antifungals (ASM)

An antifungal, also known as an antimycotic medication, is a pharmaceutical fungicide or fungistatic used to treat and prevent mycosis such as athlete's foot, ringworm, candidiasis, cryptococcal meningitis, and others. Discover the latest research on antifungals here.

Bacterial Pneumonia

Bacterial pneumonia is a prevalent and costly infection that is a significant cause of morbidity and mortality in patients of all ages. Here is the latest research.