Nov 1, 1990

Acute respiratory tract infection in children in Idikan Community, Ibadan, Nigeria: severity, risk factors, and frequency of occurrence

Reviews of Infectious Diseases
C O Oyejide, K Osinusi


A longitudinal, community-based study of the epidemiology of acute respiratory tract infection (ARI) in children less than 5 years old was carried out in a community of low socioeconomic level in Ibadan, Nigeria. The annual incidence of ARI ranged from 6.1 to 8.1 episodes per child per year. The incidence was highest in the first 2 years of life and decreased with increasing age. The incidence was higher in boys than in girls. ARI occurred in all seasons of the year. The most common symptoms were cough, nasal discharge, and fever, while the most common signs referable to the respiratory tract were abnormal breathing sounds, tachypnea, and chest retraction.

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Mentioned in this Paper

Respiratory Tract Structure
Seasonal Variation
Respiratory System
Acute Disease
Longitudinal Survey
Anterior Thoracic Region
Respiratory Tract Infections
Upper Respiratory Infections

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