Jan 7, 2009

Acute stress responses: A review and synthesis of ASD, ASR, and CSR

The American Journal of Orthopsychiatry
Leanna IsserlinZahava Solomon

Abstract

Toward the development of a unifying diagnosis for acute stress responses this article attempts to find a place for combat stress reaction (CSR) within the spectrum of other defined acute stress responses. This article critically compares the diagnostic criteria of acute stress disorder (ASD), acute stress reaction (ASR), and CSR. Prospective studies concerning the predictive value of ASD, ASR, and CSR are reviewed. Questions, recommendations, and implications for clinical practice are raised concerning the completeness of the current acute stress response diagnoses, the heterogeneity of different stressors, the scope of expected outcomes, and the importance of decline in function as an indicator of future psychological, psychiatric, and somatic distress.

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Mentioned in this Paper

Biological Adaptation to Stress
Mental Suffering
Psychiatry Specialty
Delayed Onset Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder
Shell Shock
Acute Stress
Stress Disorders, Traumatic, Acute

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