PMID: 7938754Jan 1, 1994Paper

Acute, subacute, and chronic x-ray effects on glomerular hemodynamics in rats

Renal Failure
V de P TeixeiraN Schor


In order to evaluate the effects of x-rays on glomerular hemodynamics, surgically exposed left kidneys of Munich-Wistar rats were irradiated with 15 Gy in a single dose. The animals were studied 45 min (acute group, n = 8), 14 days (subacute group, n = 7), and 60 days (chronic group, n = 7) after irradiation and compared with their respective controls. A decrease in total glomerular filtration (55%) and renal plasma flow (40%) rates with marked elevation of total renal vascular resistance (180%), p < 0.05, occurred within 45 min. Significant changes also occurred in the microcirculation; i.e., single-nephron glomerular filtration (SNGFR), glomerular plasma flow (QA), and glomerular capillary hydraulic pressure (PGC) declined by 35%, 40%, and 12%, respectively, due to an increase in total arteriolar resistance (90%), p < 0.05. Within 14 days, SNGFR was similar to control in spite of a moderate elevation of afferent arteriolar resistance (26%) and reduction in PGC (11%), p < 0.05, and QA (20%). Kf was significantly elevated (46%), p < 0.05. The chronic group presented a response pattern similar to that of the acute group, although less severe. Histopathological changes were not relevant and were restricted to tubules. The present...Continue Reading


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