Mar 1, 1973

Acute systemic anaphylaxis in the calf

British Journal of Pharmacology
P EyreP W Wells

Abstract

1. Acute systemic anaphylaxis in calves was characterized by marked systemic hypotension; hypertension in the pulmonary arteries and abdominal vena cava, and transient apnoea. Calves responded with a second reaction to antigen, but a third anaphylactic response could not be evoked.2. Suppression of systemic anaphylaxis could not be effected with mepyramine, whereas methysergide or diethylcarbamazine each suppressed anaphylaxis by 50%. Disodium cromoglycate alone did not inhibit anaphylaxis: however, when disodium cromoglycate was combined with diethylcarbamazine almost total suppression (85%) was achieved. Sodium meclofenamate also was a powerful inhibitor of anaphylaxis (80%). It is tentatively suggested that slow reacting substance (SRS-A) may be an important mediator of bovine anaphylaxis.3. Bilateral vagotomy did not modify the circulatory responses to injected histamine, 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) or antigen, whereas the effects of these agents on ventilation (apnoea) were abolished by vagotomy.4. Plasma histamine concentration was increased during anaphylaxis, whereas plasma 5-HT was not. Whole blood histamine concentration fell sharply and remained depressed during 20 min of anaphylactic shock. Reduced whole blood histam...Continue Reading

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  • Citations25

Citations

Mentioned in this Paper

Histamine Measurement
KNG1
Structure of Calf of Leg
Entire Vena Cava
Pyrilamine
Anaphylaxis (Non Medication)
Whole Blood
Circulatory System
Vicrom
Lung

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