Adaptation-Induced Blindness Is Orientation-Tuned and Monocular

I-Perception
Deborah ApthorpJohn Cass

Abstract

We examined the recently discovered phenomenon of Adaptation-Induced Blindness (AIB), in which highly visible gratings with gradual onset profiles become invisible after exposure to a rapidly flickering grating, even at very high contrasts. Using very similar stimuli to those in the original AIB experiment, we replicated the original effect across multiple contrast levels, with observers at chance in detecting the gradual onset stimuli at all contrasts. Then, using full-contrast target stimuli with either abrupt or gradual onsets, we tested both the orientation tuning and interocular transfer of AIB. If, as the original authors suggested, AIB were a high-level (perhaps parietally mediated) effect resulting from the 'gating' of awareness, we would not expect the effects of AIB to be tuned to the adapting orientation, and the effect should transfer interocularly. Instead, we find that AIB (which was present only for the gradual onset target stimuli) is both tightly orientation-tuned and shows absolutely no interocular transfer, consistent with a very early cortical locus.

Citations

Jun 1, 1975·American Journal of Ophthalmology·P E RomanoJ E Puklin
Dec 15, 1992·Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America·E Bartfeld, A Grinvald
Oct 22, 1991·Proceedings. Biological Sciences·R J Snowden
Oct 22, 1991·Proceedings. Biological Sciences·J Ross, H D Speed
Jan 1, 1985·Vision Research·S J Anderson, D C Burr
Jan 1, 1972·Perception·J A MovshonC Blakemore
Jan 1, 1973·Perception·J A Movshon, C Blakemore
Feb 1, 1974·The Journal of Physiology·D E Mitchell, C Ware
Mar 1, 1968·The Journal of Physiology·D H HUBEL, T N WIESEL
Apr 25, 1969·Science·A S Gilinsky, R S Doherty
Feb 1, 1971·The Journal of Physiology·C Blakemore, J Nachmias
Nov 1, 1966·The Journal of Physiology·F W Campbell, J J Kulikowski
Apr 1, 1981·Journal of Experimental Psychology. Human Perception and Performance·R BlakeS Lema-Stern
Jan 1, 1982·Vision Research·R L De ValoisN Hepler
Jan 1, 1981·Perception·R A Bjørklund, S Magnussen
Jun 9, 2000·Annual Review of Neuroscience·D Ferster, K D Miller
Feb 1, 1961·The Journal of Physiology·D H HUBEL, T N WIESEL
Apr 7, 2004·Neuron·Samuel G SolomonPeter Lennie
Aug 19, 2007·The Journal of Physiology·M A HietanenM R Ibbotson
Dec 18, 2007·Journal of AAPOS : the Official Publication of the American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus·Wendy E AdamsJonathan M Holmes
Nov 19, 2008·Cerebral Cortex·Christopher M HowarthFrank Sengpiel
May 14, 2010·Journal of Vision·Isamu Motoyoshi, Sayuri Hayakawa
Feb 1, 2011·Current Biology : CB·Thomas S A Wallis, Peter J Bex
Nov 24, 2011·Frontiers in Psychology·John CassDavid Alais
Nov 29, 2011·Current Biology : CB·Katja DoerschnerDaniel Kersten
May 17, 2012·Vision Research·Daniel H Baker, Tim S Meese
Jun 5, 2012·Current Biology : CB·Elaine J AndersonJohn A Greenwood
Apr 19, 2013·The Journal of Neuroscience : the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience·Soon Keen CheongPaul R Martin
Mar 19, 2014·Journal of Experimental Psychology. Human Perception and Performance·Derek H ArnoldWelber Marinovic

Related Concepts

Photopsia
Tune Deafness
Retinal Correspondence
Awareness
Blind Vision
Structure of Cortex of Kidney
Adaptation
Locus
Cerebral Cortex
Orientation (spatial)

Trending Feeds

COVID-19

Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Sexual Dimorphism in Neurodegeneration

There exist sex differences in neurodevelopmental and neurodegenerative disorders. For instance, multiple sclerosis is more common in women, whereas Parkinson’s disease is more common in men. Here is the latest research on sexual dimorphism in neurodegeneration

HLA Genetic Variation

HLA genetic variation has been found to confer risk for a wide variety of diseases. Identifying these associations and understanding their molecular mechanisms is ongoing and holds promise for the development of therapeutics. Find the latest research on HLA genetic variation here.

Super-resolution Microscopy

Super-resolution microscopy is the term commonly given to fluorescence microscopy techniques with resolutions that are not limited by the diffraction of light. Here are the latest discoveries pertaining to super-resolution microscopy.

Genetic Screens in iPSC-derived Brain Cells

Genetic screening is a critical tool that can be employed to define and understand gene function and interaction. This feed focuses on genetic screens conducted using induced pluripotent stem cell (iPSC)-derived brain cells.

Brain Lower Grade Glioma

Low grade gliomas in the brain form from oligodendrocytes and astrocytes and are the slowest-growing glioma in adults. Discover the latest research on these brain tumors here.

CD4/CD8 Signaling

Cluster of differentiation 4 and 8 (CD8 and CD8) are glycoproteins founds on the surface of immune cells. Here is the latest research on their role in cell signaling pathways.

Alignment-free Sequence Analysis Tools

Alignment-free sequence analyses have been applied to problems ranging from whole-genome phylogeny to the classification of protein families, identification of horizontally transferred genes, and detection of recombined sequences. Here is the latest research.

Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

Chronic fatigue syndrome is a disease characterized by unexplained disabling fatigue; the pathology of which is incompletely understood. Discover the latest research on chronic fatigue syndrome here.