PMID: 7091460Jul 1, 1982Paper

Addict death rates during a four-year posttreatment follow-up

American Journal of Public Health
G W JoeD D Simpson


Mortality rates were examined among 3,324 Black and White daily opioid drug users for a four-year period following treatment in community-based agencies located across the United States. A total of 179 of these addicts died during this follow-up period, yielding a death rate of 15.2 per 1,000 person-years at risk. When adjusted for age, addict death rates were found to be three to 14 times higher than those in the general US population. Life table analysis was also used to examine these rates in relation to client demographic, background, and treatment variables obtained prospectively, both prior to and during treatment. Age, alcohol use, and criminal history were positively associated with higher death rates. With regard to causes of death, age proved to be the only significant predictor; older addicts (over 30) had the highest percentages of deaths due to "natural" causes, while over three-fourths of the deaths among younger addicts were drug related or involved violence.


Jul 1, 1979·Archives of General Psychiatry·D D SimpsonM R Lloyd
Jan 1, 1979·The American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse·B ConcoolB Stimmel
Jan 1, 1978·The American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse·D P DesmondA Trevino
Jan 1, 1975·The American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse·G L Long, R G Demaree
Jan 1, 1975·The American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse·O WattersonS B Sells
Jan 1, 1972·The Psychiatric Quarterly·L RoizinB Eisenberg
Jul 1, 1972·American Journal of Epidemiology·C CherubinZ Amsel
Jul 1, 1967·Annals of Internal Medicine·D B LouriaJ Rose
Jun 1, 1980·British Journal of Addiction·S B Sells, D D Simpson
Aug 1, 1981·Archives of General Psychiatry·D D Simpson
Mar 1, 1981·Journal of Studies on Alcohol·D D Simpson, M R Lloyd
Jan 1, 1981·The American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse·L J Savage, D D Simpson
Aug 1, 1980·Archives of General Psychiatry·D D Simpson, L J Savage
Jan 1, 1980·The American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse·D D SimpsonG W Joe


Jan 1, 2004·Irish Journal of Medical Science·W CullenF D O'Kelly
Dec 1, 1995·Drug and Alcohol Dependence·A Goldstein, J Herrera
Feb 11, 2000·Drug and Alcohol Dependence·Joanne Neale
Nov 2, 2002·Addiction·S Darke, Joanne Ross
Jul 21, 2001·The New England Journal of Medicine·Gary L Davis, J R Rodrigue
Jan 1, 1992·Drug and Alcohol Review·P D DukesB J Robinson
Apr 15, 2010·Journal of Addictive Diseases·Ayman FareedKaren Drexler
Sep 21, 2000·AIDS·J L SorensenN Yee
Dec 1, 1992·British Journal of Addiction·C A PerucciD D Abeni
Feb 1, 1993·Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health·M FrischerN McKeganey
Jun 1, 2006·Sexually Transmitted Infections·L DegenhardtM Warner-Smith
Feb 19, 2011·American Journal of Public Health·Christy K ScottRonald S Simeone
Mar 1, 1987·American Journal of Public Health·G W Joe, D D Simpson
Oct 1, 1991·American Journal of Public Health·P A Selwyn
Oct 1, 1991·American Journal of Public Health·J E SiegelH V Fineberg
Oct 1, 1991·American Journal of Public Health·C A PerucciF Forastiere
Oct 13, 2000·American Journal of Public Health·J B WongT Poynard
Sep 1, 1992·The International Journal of the Addictions·K Magruder-HabibH M Ginzburg
Jan 1, 1996·Substance Use & Misuse·J R CaplehornJ G Nisbet
Feb 13, 2007·Preventive Medicine·Breda SmythYih-Ing Hser
May 28, 2005·Addiction·John SchmittnerKenzie L Preston
Feb 1, 2005·Addiction·Joanne Neale, Michele Robertson
Apr 12, 2003·Liver Transplantation : Official Publication of the American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases and the International Liver Transplantation Society·Gary L DavisDaniel M Rosenberg
Mar 17, 2005·Drug and Alcohol Dependence·Jane Carlisle MaxwellKaren Tannert
May 1, 1988·Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica·K Tunving
Mar 1, 1986·Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica·B Piesiur-StrehlowW Poser
Jul 12, 2007·Psychopathology·Icro MaremmaniHagop S Akiskal
Aug 27, 2010·Digestive and Liver Disease : Official Journal of the Italian Society of Gastroenterology and the Italian Association for the Study of the Liver·David B ReinSarah B Lesesne
Apr 18, 2013·The Journal of Infectious Diseases·Enwu LiuChina's National Working Group on Methadone Maintenance Treatment
Jan 29, 1999·Psychological Reports·P CameronW L Playfair
Jan 1, 1989·Scandinavian Journal of Social Medicine·L LidbergS W Jakobsson
Mar 19, 2002·Therapeutic Drug Monitoring·Edward J Cone, Kenzie L Preston
Dec 1, 1996·Addiction·S Darke, D Zador

Related Concepts

Opioid-Related Disorders

Related Feeds


This feed focuses mechanisms underlying addiction and addictive behaviour including heroin and opium dependence, alcohol intoxication, gambling, and tobacco addiction.