PMID: 7842287May 1, 1994Paper

Adenocarcinoma of the small intestine: 21-year review of diagnosis, treatment, and prognosis

Annals of Surgical Oncology
R L BauerH O Douglass


The purpose of this study was to evaluate the tumor characteristics and treatment associated with an improved overall survival in patients with adenocarcinoma of the small intestine. The records of all patients with primary adenocarcinoma of the small bowel seen between January 1971 and December 1991 were reviewed retrospectively. The study comprised 38 patients, 22 (58%) with duodenal tumors, 11 (29%) with jejunal tumors, and five (13%) with ileal tumors. Although not statistically significant, the patients with duodenal adenocarcinoma lived longer than the patients with jejunal or ileal lesions (p = 0.77). The overall survival was 23% and seemed to correlate best with absence of lymph node metastases (p = 0.04) and pancreaticoduodenectomy for localized duodenal tumors (p = 0.04). The patient's age, duration of symptoms, disease-free interval, tumor location, type of recurrence, and histologic grade did not significantly influence survival. The lethality of small-intestinal adenocarcinoma appears to be related to a delay in diagnosis and treatment. When a definitive surgical procedure is performed before lymph node metastases appear, the patient's chance for long-term survival is greatly improved.


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