PMID: 9749829Sep 28, 1998Paper

Adenosine 5'-diphosphate as a factor in platelet aggregation induced by human plasma remnant lipoproteins

Life Sciences
A R SaniabadiM Nakashima


The action of lipoprotein lipase on chylomicrons (CM) and very low density lipoproteins (VLDL) produces remnant lipoproteins (RLP) which are rich in triglycerides, cholesterol and apolipoprotein E (apo E). Apo E serves as a ligand for uptake of RLP by macrophages, platelets, endothelial cells and other cells expressing the LDL-receptor or the remnant receptor, thus having a major role in the clearance of plasma cholesterol and triglycerides, but at the same time, uptake of apo E-bearing RLP can profoundly alter the physiology of these cells and promote atherosclerosis. Like RLP, blood platelets also have roles in atherosclerosis and thrombosis, hence it is likely that RLP influence platelet activity as well. RLP derived from normal human plasma VLDL and CM were prepared using two monoclonal antibodies, anti-apo B-100 (JI-H) and anti-apo A-I (H-12) coupled to Sepharose 4B gel to form an immunoaffinity column. Lipoproteins containing apo B-100 including VLDL and LDL adsorb to (JI-H)-gel, while CM and HDL with apo A-I adsorb to (H-12)-gel. The particles in the unbound fraction (RLP) are rich in apo B-48, apo E and apo B-100 containing particles with multiple molecules of apo E. The RLP fraction with a total triglyceride of 14+/-3....Continue Reading


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