Adenosine-amino acid interactions in the chick brain: a role in passive avoidance learning

Brain Research
J N Daisley, S P Rose

Abstract

The present work describes interactions between adenosine and the amino acids glutamate and GABA in slices of intermediate medial hyperstriatum ventrale (IMHV), an area of the chick brain known to be involved in learning and memory events associated with a one-trial passive avoidance task. In slices derived from the IMHV of untrained chicks, the A(1) receptor agonist N(6)-cyclohexyladenosine (CHA; 10 microM) specifically inhibited glutamate release. Conversely, cyclopentyltheophylline (CPT; 100 microM an A(1) antagonist) increased glutamate release from the slices and blocked the CHA-induced inhibition of glutamate. The A(2) receptor agonist 2-p-(2-carboxylethyl)-phenylamino-5'-N-ethylcarboxamido adenosine hydrochloride (CGS 21680) selectively increased glutamate release when applied at 5 microM while it selectively inhibited GABA release at a lower concentration (10 nM). The addition of NMDA to the medium, resulted in increased adenosine release equivalent to that found following stimulation with 50 mM KCl. Both the NMDA and the KCl-induced increases were eliminated by addition of D-2-amino-5 phosphopentanoic acid (D-AP5), an NMDA-receptor antagonist. Slices prepared from the IMHV of chicks following successful training on the...Continue Reading

References

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