PMID: 39034Jul 1, 1979

Adherence of erythrocytes to Mycoplasma pneumoniae

Infection and Immunity
J FeldnerI Kahane

Abstract

The human pathogen Mycoplasma pneumoniae adheres to a variety of cells, including erythrocytes. A hemadsorption technique was developed to quantitate adherence by photometric measurement of lysates of erythrocytes that attached to sheets of M. pneumoniae grown in cups of Linbro plates. Attachment of sheep erythrocytes (SE) increased with higher ionic strength, was unaffected by minor pH variations (6 to 9), and was blocked by anti-M. pneumoniae antiserum, but was not inhibited by a variety of sugars, amino acids, and bovine serum albumin. The reaction was time and temperature dependent. The temperature curve showed peaks at 14 and 28 degrees C with untreated SE but only one peak at about 38 degrees C with glutaraldehyde-treated SE. The temperature dependence indicated involvement of either metabolic or membrane activities in the binding process. Trypsin treatment of the M. pneumoniae sheet abolished adherence of SE but was only partially effective with human erythrocytes and noneffective with rabbit erythrocytes. The binding capacity of the mycoplasma cells for SE was restored by incubation in growth medium for 3 to 4 h; this restoration was inhibited by 10 mug of chloramphenicol per ml. Neuraminidase treatment of SE removed th...Continue Reading

Related Concepts

Metabolic Process, Cellular
Mycoplasma pneumoniae
Mycoplasma
Pathogenic Organism
ALB
Immune Sera
Dall Sheep
Photometry
Trypsin
Neuraminidase

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