Apr 1, 1976

Adherence of serotype e Streptococcus mutans and the inhibitory effect of Lancefield group E and S mutans type e antiserum

Journal of Dental Research
S Hamada, H D Slade


S mutans strain MT703 from an active carious lesion in the tooth of a child had type e specificity and showed a cross-reaction with the Lancefield group E cell wall streptococcal polysaccharide antigen. Heat-killed cells MT703 adhered to a glass surface in the presence of CGT MT703 and sucrose. Pretreatment of the cells with anti-MT703 whole cell serums inhibited adherecne. The removal of glycerol teichoic acid antibody and group E antibody from the MT703 serum did not result in a loss of inhibitory activity. Antiserum with or without adsorption significantly inhibited glucan synthesis by CGT from sucrose. Antibodies specific for the polyglycerol phosphate of teichoic acid did not inhibit adherence. Anti-group E serum and serums specific for other types of S mutans, did not show adherence inhibitory activity except for an occasional type c specific antiserum. Antibody specific for the type e antigen produced significant inhibition of the binding of CGT to the MT703 cell wall, and adherence of these cells did not occur. Antibody to CGT inhibited glucan synthesis. Treatment of the cells with dextranase, dextran antibody, or trypsin caused a significant reduction in adherence. The results suggest that the type antigen and dextran ...Continue Reading

Mentioned in this Paper

Immune Sera
Glucose, (beta-D)-Isomer
Polysaccharides, Bacterial
Streptococcus mutans
Hydrogen-Ion Concentration

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