PMID: 7636446Aug 1, 1995

Adjustment of K' to varying pH and pMg for the creatine kinase, adenylate kinase and ATP hydrolysis equilibria permitting quantitative bioenergetic assessment

The Journal of Experimental Biology
E M GoldingG P Dobson


Physiologists and biochemists frequently ignore the importance of adjusting equilibrium constants to the ionic conditions of the cell prior to calculating a number of bioenergetic and kinetic parameters. The present study examines the effect of pH and free magnesium levels (free [Mg2+]) on the apparent equilibrium constants (K') of creatine kinase (ATP: creatine N-phosphotransferase; EC, adenylate kinase (ATP:AMP phosphotransferase; EC and adenosinetriphosphatase (ATP phosphohydrolase; EC reactions. We show how K' can be calculated using the equilibrium constant of a specified chemical reaction (Kref) and the appropriate acid-dissociation and Mg(2+)-binding constants at an ionic strength (I) of 0.25 mol l-1 and 38 degrees C. Substituting the experimentally determined intracellular pH and free [Mg2+] into the equation containing a known Kref and two variables, pH and free [Mg2+], enables K' to be calculated at the experimental ionic conditions. Knowledge of K' permits calculation of cytosolic phosphorylation ratio ([ATP]/[ADP][Pi]), cytosolic free [ADP], free [AMP], standard transformed Gibbs energy of formation (delta fG' degrees ATP) and the transformed Gibbs energy of the system (delta fG' ATP) for ...Continue Reading

Related Concepts

Adenosine Triphosphate, Chromium Ammonium Salt
Adenylate KINASE
Macro-Creatine Kinase
Cytoplasmic Matrix
Hydrogen-Ion Concentration

Trending Feeds


Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Synthetic Genetic Array Analysis

Synthetic genetic arrays allow the systematic examination of genetic interactions. Here is the latest research focusing on synthetic genetic arrays and their analyses.

Congenital Hyperinsulinism

Congenital hyperinsulinism is caused by genetic mutations resulting in excess insulin secretion from beta cells of the pancreas. Here is the latest research.

Neural Activity: Imaging

Imaging of neural activity in vivo has developed rapidly recently with the advancement of fluorescence microscopy, including new applications using miniaturized microscopes (miniscopes). This feed follows the progress in this growing field.

Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

Chronic fatigue syndrome is a disease characterized by unexplained disabling fatigue; the pathology of which is incompletely understood. Discover the latest research on chronic fatigue syndrome here.

Epigenetic Memory

Epigenetic memory refers to the heritable genetic changes that are not explained by the DNA sequence. Find the latest research on epigenetic memory here.

Cell Atlas of the Human Eye

Constructing a cell atlas of the human eye will require transcriptomic and histologic analysis over the lifespan. This understanding will aid in the study of development and disease. Find the latest research pertaining to the Cell Atlas of the Human Eye here.

Femoral Neoplasms

Femoral Neoplasms are bone tumors that arise in the femur. Discover the latest research on femoral neoplasms here.

STING Receptor Agonists

Stimulator of IFN genes (STING) are a group of transmembrane proteins that are involved in the induction of type I interferon that is important in the innate immune response. The stimulation of STING has been an active area of research in the treatment of cancer and infectious diseases. Here is the latest research on STING receptor agonists.