Admissions caused by adverse drug events to internal medicine and emergency departments in hospitals: a longitudinal population-based study

European Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
Sebastian SchneeweissJerry Avorn

Abstract

To estimate incidence rates of drug-related hospitalizations (DRHs) in a longitudinal population-based study with prospective event assessment. Cohort study and time-trend analysis. All departments of internal medicine and emergency departments in the urban regions of Jena and Rostock, Germany, serving about 520,000 residents. All patients admitted between October 1997 and March 2000. Patients with severe cutaneous reactions were excluded. Incidence of DRH was defined by symptoms or diagnoses at admission that were very likely, likely, or possibly caused by prescription medications, according to a standardized assessment. The incidence of DRH was 9.4 admissions per 10,000 treated patients [95% confidence interval (CI) 9.0-9.9]. Rates were highest for antithrombotics with 26.9 admissions per 10,000 treated patients (95% CI 23.6, 30.1). Most frequent events were gastroduodenal lesions and bleeding (45%). Digitalis preparations showed a linearly increasing trend from 2/10,000 to 14/10,000 during ten quarters ( P<0.0001), which was exclusively attributable to digitoxin, the major source of digitalis in the study area (93%). The incidence of DRH increased with age (4/10,000 to 20/10,000). The mean length of stays in patients with DR...Continue Reading

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