Adolescent idiopathic scoliosis and exercising: is there truly a liaison?

Eustathios I KenanidisGeorge A Kapetanos


Cross-sectional observational study. Evaluation and comparison of the prevalence of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) among 2 groups of patients (athletes and nonathletes) to determine whether athletic activities are related to the development of AIS. The potential association between AIS and exercising remains uncertain. The latter has often been considered as a therapeutic means and a causative factor of the former. A group of 2387 adolescents (boys: 1177, girls: 1210, mean age: 13.4 years) was evaluated. All completed a questionnaire concerning personal, somatometric, and secondary sex characteristics, type, duration and character of daily-performed physical activities, and existing cases of AIS among relatives. Patients were classified into 2 groups according to their answers; "athletes" and "nonathletes." The groups were comparable as far as age, height, weight, onset of menstruation, family history of scoliosis, and side of handedness were concerned. Children underwent physical examination by 3 orthopedic surgeons who were unaware of their level of athletic activities. Children considered, by all, to be suspicious of suffering from scoliosis, underwent further radiographic evaluation. In 99 cases (athletes: 48, nonath...Continue Reading


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