Adrenaline Facilitates Synaptic Transmission by Synchronizing Release of Acetylcholine Quanta from Motor Nerve Endings.

Cellular and Molecular Neurobiology
V F Khuzakhmetova, Ellya A Bukharaeva

Abstract

The long history of studies on the effect of catecholamines on synaptic transmission does not answer the main question about the mechanism of their action on quantal release in the neuromuscular junction. Currently, interest in catecholamines has increased not only because of their widespread use in the clinic for the treatment of cardiovascular and pulmonary diseases but also because of recent data on their possible use for the treatment of certain neurodegenerative diseases, muscle weakness and amyotrophic sclerosis. Nevertheless, the effects and mechanisms of catecholamines on acetylcholine release remain unclear. We investigated the action of noradrenaline and adrenaline on the spontaneous and evoked quantal secretion of acetylcholine in the neuromuscular junction of the rat soleus muscle. Noradrenaline (10 μM) did not change the spontaneous acetylcholine quantal release, the number of released quanta after nerve stimulation, or the timing of the quantal secretion. However, adrenaline at the same concentration increased spontaneous secretion by 40%, increased evoked acetylcholine quantal release by 62%, and synchronized secretion. These effects differ from those previously described by us in the synapses of the frog cutaneo...Continue Reading

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Citations

May 1, 2021·International Journal of Molecular Sciences·Ellya BukharaevaAndrei Tsentsevitsky

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