Jul 1, 1977

Adrenaline-stimulated, aspirin-sensitive synthesis of histamine in the rat

Agents and Actions
A M Rothschild, M P Oliveira Antonio

Abstract

The intravenous injection of 10 microgram/kg of adrenaline raised total rat lung histamine from 5.3 +/- 0.7 microgram to 8.4 +/- 0.7 microgram and rat skin histamine from 624 +/- 51 microgram to 835 +/- 85 withing 5 min. These changes were no longer apparent after 10 min. Stomach histamine was raised by a statistically non-significant extent, intestinal histamine was unaffected. Blood drawn 2 min after the injection of adrenaline failed to show an increased content of histamine. Rats given 1 mg/kg of compound 48/80, had greatly elevated levels of histamine in blood, but exhibited no increase in lung histamine. This result, as well as the extent of the increase of histamine observed in skin, which cannot be accounted for in any other way, point towards stepped-up local synthesis as the origin of the effect of adrenaline. Aspirin (20 mg/kg, intravenously, 10 min prior to adrenaline), prevented increases of skin histamine. Evidence suggesting mast cells as the site of action of adrenaline, is discussed.

Mentioned in this Paper

Histamine Measurement
Lung
Mast Cell
Rat Lung
Intravenous Injections
Epinephrine Acetate
Epinephrine Measurement
Drug Interactions
Lung Diseases
Skin

About this Paper

Trending Feeds

COVID-19

Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Bone Marrow Neoplasms

Bone Marrow Neoplasms are cancers that occur in the bone marrow. Discover the latest research on Bone Marrow Neoplasms here.

IGA Glomerulonephritis

IgA glomerulonephritis is a chronic form of glomerulonephritis characterized by deposits of predominantly Iimmunoglobin A in the mesangial area. Discover the latest research on IgA glomerulonephritis here.

Cryogenic Electron Microscopy

Cryogenic electron microscopy (Cryo-EM) allows the determination of biological macromolecules and their assemblies at a near-atomic resolution. Here is the latest research.

STING Receptor Agonists

Stimulator of IFN genes (STING) are a group of transmembrane proteins that are involved in the induction of type I interferon that is important in the innate immune response. The stimulation of STING has been an active area of research in the treatment of cancer and infectious diseases. Here is the latest research on STING receptor agonists.

LRRK2 & Immunity During Infection

Mutations in the LRRK2 gene are a risk-factor for developing Parkinson’s disease. However, LRRK2 has been shown to function as a central regulator of vesicular trafficking, infection, immunity, and inflammation. Here is the latest research on the role of this kinase on immunity during infection.

Antiphospholipid Syndrome

Antiphospholipid syndrome or antiphospholipid antibody syndrome (APS or APLS), is an autoimmune, hypercoagulable state caused by the presence of antibodies directed against phospholipids.

Meningococcal Myelitis

Meningococcal myelitis is characterized by inflammation and myelin damage to the meninges and spinal cord. Discover the latest research on meningococcal myelitis here.

Alzheimer's Disease: MS4A

Variants within membrane-spanning 4-domains subfamily A (MS4A) gene cluster have recently been implicated in Alzheimer's disease by recent genome-wide association studies. Here is the latest research.