Nov 1, 1975

Adrenergic drug-receptor interaction in the presence of strontium (Sr++) in mammalian myocardium

Archives Internationales De Pharmacodynamie Et De Thérapie
G O CarrierR P Ahlquist


The specificity of Ca++ for the interaction of beta adrenergic agonists with their receptors in rabbit right atrial muscle was evaluated. This was accomplished by substituting Ca++ by an equimolar concentration of Sr++. Dose-response curves which demonstrate the effect of norepinephrine and isoproterenol on the rate of electrical activity in the presence of Ca++ or Sr++ were made. In addition, the antagonistic action of propranolol (1 X 10(-7) M) in a Ca++-containing or Sr++-containing medium was determined. The results clearly demonstrate that Sr++ can effectively substitute for Ca++ in maintaining electrical and mechanical activity in cardiac muscle. Also, norepinephrine and isoproterenol can increase the rate of electrical activity in a Ca++ or Sr++-containing medium. This effect of these beta agonists is mediated through the beta-receptors since propranolol effectively blocked their action. It appears that Ca++ per se is not required for beta agonist or antagonist-receptor interaction in cardiac muscle. The results are discussed in relation to the dependency on extracellular Ca++ for beta agonists to cause a change in the rate of electrical activity after receptor occupancy.

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Mentioned in this Paper

Myocardial Contraction
Antagonist Muscle Action
Electrical Activity of Brain
Adrenergic beta-Agonists
Norepinephrine, (+, -)-Isomer

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