Adrenoceptors in airway smooth muscle

Pharmacology & Therapeutics
R G GoldieK M Lulich

Abstract

This review examines the roles and functional significance of alpha and beta-adrenoceptor subtypes in airway smooth muscle, with emphasis on human airway function and the influence of asthma. Specifically, we have examined the distribution of beta-adrenoceptors in lung and the influence of age, the epithelium, respiratory viruses and inflammation associated with asthma on airway smooth muscle beta-adrenoceptor function. Sites of action, beta 2-selectivity, efficacy and tolerance are also examined in relation to the use of beta 2-agonists in man. In addition, alpha-adrenoceptor function in airway smooth muscle has been reviewed, with some emphasis on comparing observations made in airway smooth muscle with those in animal models.

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Related Concepts

Adrenergic alpha-Agonists
Adrenergic alpha-Antagonists
Adrenergic beta-Agonists
Adrenergic beta-Antagonists
Metazoa
Asthma
Lung
Smooth Muscle
Alpha-adrenergic receptor
Beta-adrenergic receptor

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