PMID: 12630813Mar 13, 2003

Adrenomedullin, an autocrine mediator of blood-brain barrier function

Hypertension Research : Official Journal of the Japanese Society of Hypertension
Bela KisY Ueta

Abstract

Since the discovery that adrenomedullin gene expression is 20- to 40-fold higher in endothelial cells than even in the adrenal medulla, this peptide has been regarded as an important secretory product of the vascular endothelium, together with nitric oxide, eicosanoids, endothelin-1, and other vasoactive metabolites. Cerebral endothelial cells secrete an exceptionally large amount of adrenomedullin, and the adrenomedullin concentration is about 50% higher in the cerebral circulation than in the peripheral vasculature. The adrenomedullin production of cerebral endothelial cells is induced by astrocyte-derived factors. Adrenomedullin causes vasodilation in the cerebral circulation, may participate in the maintenance of the resting cerebral blood flow, and may be protective against ischemic brain injury. Recent data from our laboratory indicate that adrenomedullin, as an endothelium-derived autocrine/paracrine hormone, plays an important role in the regulation of specific blood-brain barrier properties. Adrenomedullin is suggested to be one of the physiological links between astrocyte-derived factors, cyclic adenosine 3'5'-monophosphate (cAMP), and the induction and maintenance of the blood-brain barrier. Moreover, the role of adr...Continue Reading

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Related Concepts

Brain Injuries
Cerebral Blood Flow Imaging
Blood - Brain Barrier Anatomy
Adenosine
Angiogenic Process
Adrenomedullin
Brain
Astrocytes
ADM gene
Tumor Angiogenesis

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