Feb 15, 1989

Adriamycin, a drug interacting with acidic phospholipids, blocks import of precursor proteins by isolated yeast mitochondria

The Journal of Biological Chemistry
M EilersG Schatz

Abstract

Acidic phospholipids such as cardiolipin partially unfold an artificial precursor protein which consists of a mitochondrial presequence fused to mouse dihydrofolate reductase (Endo, T., and Schatz, G. (1988) EMBO J. 7, 1153-1158). We now show that import of this precursor protein into isolated yeast mitochondria is blocked by adriamycin, a drug binding to cardiolipin and other acidic phospholipids. This inhibition is lessened if the precursor's dihydrofolate reductase moiety is labilized by point mutations; inhibition is abolished altogether if the "wild-type" precursor is presented to mitochondria in a urea-denatured state. These and other observations suggest that adriamycin interferes with the generation of a translocation-competent, loose structure of the precursor protein. They imply that acidic phospholipids such as cardiolipin participate, directly or indirectly, in the translocation of this fusion protein into isolated mitochondria.

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Mentioned in this Paper

Drug Binding
Dhfr
Chimeric Proteins, Recombinant
Transcription, Genetic
Proteins, Recombinant DNA
Resting Potentials
Ribodoxo
Protein Biosynthesis
Mitochondria
Cardiolipins

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