PMID: 10912740Jul 27, 2000Paper

Aerobic exercise training fails to reduce blood pressure in nondipper-type hypertension

American Journal of Hypertension
R NamiC Gennari


To assess whether aerobic exercise training is an effective and an alternative method to control blood pressure (BP) in hypertension, 32 uncomplicated, never treated patients suffering from mild-to-moderate essential arterial hypertension (EAH) were included in an aerobic exercise training program using a regular standardized cycle ergometer exercise for 3 months. In all EAH patients, before and after the exercise training period, ambulatory BP monitoring (ABPM) was performed and several metabolic variables were assessed. Before exercise, in 20 EAH patients, a 48-h ABPM showed a normal day-night rhythm, with nocturnal BP decrease, according to a dipper-type hypertension, whereas in 12 EAH patients 48-h ABPM profile indicated a nondipper-type hypertension. After exercise, EAH dippers presented a significant decrease in the daytime systolic and diastolic BP, whereas EAH nondippers did not show any change in daytime and nighttime systolic and diastolic BP. Our study confirms the controversy about the postulated BP lowering effect of dynamic exercise in EAH patients, in the sense that only EAH dipper patients seem to obtain a beneficial diurnal lowering BP effect deriving from exercise, possibly through a reduction in sympathetic t...Continue Reading


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