PMID: 36151Apr 12, 1979

Affinity purification and properties of porcine brain aldose reductase

Biochimica Et Biophysica Acta
R A Boghosian, E T McGuinness


Aldose reductase (alditol:NADP+ 1-oxidoreductase, EC has been purified 1500-fold from porcine brain in a four-step procedure employing Blue-Sepharose 6B affinity chromatography. The purified enzyme was shown to be apparently homogeneous by polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. The enzyme is a single chain polypeptide of molecular weight 40 000, pH optimum 5.0 K(app)(xylose) 4 mM; K(app)(NADPH) 3 microM. The relative substrate activities, activation with sulfate ion, and limited oxidative and NADH-related reductive activities confirm the classification of this enzyme as aldolase reductase. The activity of the reductase with p-nitrobenzaldehyde and 3-indolacetaldehyde and the similarity of its physical properties with the 'low Km' aldehyde reductase of porcine brain previously reported indicates that these enzymes may be identical.


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