Nov 6, 2001

Aflatoxin genes and the aflatoxigenic potential of Koji moulds

Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
P van den BroekHassan Hajjaj

Abstract

Sixty-four Aspergillus isolates, 54 of which originated from food fermentations, and 18 Aspergillus reference strains were identified and screened for the presence of aflatoxin genes aflR and omt-1. Among the Koji moulds, not only A. oryzae but also A. flavus strains were found. Furthermore, 27% of A. oryzae and 93% of A. flavus strains lacked either aflR or both aflR- and omt-1. A selection of 29 strains was also checked for the presence of pksA and nor-1. This revealed large deletions in the aflatoxin gene cluster of some strains. The hybridisation patterns also suggested a polarity in the deletion events, originating in the vicinity of pksA and extending towards omt-1. Other strains exhibited BamHI restriction fragment length polymorphisms (RFLPs) for either aflR or for aflR and omt-1. All aflR and/or omt-1 deletion strains turned out to be unable to produce aflatoxin. The RFLP-carrying strains either produced only traces of aflatoxin or none at all. In 73% of the A. oryzae strains, no apparent deletions were detected with the aflR and omt-1 probes. Nevertheless, after incubation in aflatoxin-inducing media, no aflatoxin B1 production could be detected in those A. oryzae strains.

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Mentioned in this Paper

Restriction Fragment Length Polymorphism
Genes, Reiterated
Aflatoxins
Gene Deletion
Southern Blot Result
Oligonucleotide Primers
Aspergillus

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