Apr 25, 2020

HiTaC: Hierarchical Taxonomic Classification of Fungal ITS Sequences

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
Alex PerkinsR. T. J. Ramos

Abstract

Motivation: Fungi are key elements in several important ecological functions, ranging from organic matter decomposition to symbiotic associations with plants. Moreover, fungi naturally inhabit the human microbiome and can be causative agents of human infections. An accurate and robust method for fungal ITS classification is not only desired for the purpose of better diversity estimation, but it can also help us gain a deeper insight of the dynamics of environmental communities and ultimately comprehend whether the abundance of certain species correlate with health and disease. Although many methods have been proposed for taxonomic classification, to the best of our knowledge, none of them consider the taxonomic tree hierarchy when building their models. This in turn, leads to lower generalization power and higher risk of committing classification errors. Results: In this work, we developed a robust, hierarchical machine learning model for accurate ITS classification, which requires a small amount of data for training and is able to handle imbalanced datasets. We show that our hierarchical model, HiTaC, outperforms state-of-the-art methods when trained over noisy data, consistently achieving higher accuracy and sensitivity acros...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Spatial Distribution
Downward
Theoretical Study
Disintegration (Morphologic Abnormality)
Upward
EAF2 gene

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