Feb 13, 2019

Age-related Disturbances in DNA (hydroxy)methylation in APP/PS1 Mice

Translational Neuroscience
Leonidas ChouliarasDaniël L A van den Hove

Abstract

Brain aging has been associated with aberrant DNA methylation patterns, and changes in the levels of DNA methylation and associated markers have been observed in the brains of Alzheimer's disease (AD) patients. DNA hydroxymethylation, however, has been sparsely investigated in aging and AD. We have previously reported robust decreases in 5-methylcytosine (5-mC) and 5-hydroxymethylcytosine (5-hmC) in the hippocampus of AD patients compared to non-demented controls. In the present study, we investigated 3- and 9-month-old APPswe/PS1ΔE9 transgenic and wild-type mice for possible age-related alterations in 5-mC and 5-hmC levels in three hippocampal sub-regions using quantitative immunohistochemistry. While age-related increases in levels of both 5-mC and 5-hmC were found in wild-type mice, APPswe/PS1ΔE9 mice showed decreased levels of 5-mC at 9 months of age and no age-related changes in 5-hmC throughout the hippocampus. Altogether, these findings suggest that aberrant amyloid processing impact on the balance between DNA methylation and hydroxymethylation in the hippocampus during aging in mice.

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Mentioned in this Paper

Biological Markers
Study
Patterns
Immunohistochemistry
Presenilin-1
Brain
DNA Methylation
4-azidophenylpropionamide
Alzheimer's Disease
Plants, Transgenic

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