Jun 24, 2020

Age-related epigenetic drift deregulates SIRT6 expression and affects its downstream genes in human peripheral blood mononuclear cells

Epigenetics : Official Journal of the DNA Methylation Society
Magdalena OwczarzMonika Puzianowska-Kuznicka

Abstract

Sirtuin 6 (SIRT6) exerts a protective effect on health and extends the lives of model organisms. We, therefore, aimed to clarify whether age-related epigenetic drift is responsible for differences in SIRT6 expression in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) of healthy young (n = 55, mean age 27.5 ± 4.4 years), middle-aged (n = 51, 65.4 ± 3.3 years), and long-lived (n = 51, 93.9 ± 3.6 years) humans. In silico analysis was performed using the STRING network. No age-related differences were observed in the percentage of SIRT6 CpG island methylation. However, the age affected the expression of miR-34a-5p, miR-125a-5p, miR-186-5p, miR-342-5p and miR-766-3p (all p < 0.0001), miR-181-2-3p and Let-7c (both p = 0.0003), and miR-103a-3p (p = 0.0069). A negative association was observed between SIRT6 mRNA and miR-186-5p (rs = -0.25, p = 0.026), and a positive association was observed with miR-34a-5p (rs = 0.31, p = 0.0055) and miR-181a-2-3p (rs = 0.39, p = 0.0002). SIRT6 mRNA also negatively correlated with the expression of TP53 (rs = -0.41, p = 0.0126) and MYC (rs = -0.35, p = 0.0448). Notably, the expression of several miRNAs and genes was similar in young and long-lived groups but different from the middle-aged group. We conclude...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

MicroRNAs
Analysis
MIRN766 microRNA, human
Protein Deregulation
MIRN34A microRNA, human
DNA Methylation
mirnlet7c microRNA, human
MIRN342 microRNA, human
Protein Expression
Genes

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