A new class of compounds combining thromboxane-A2 (TxA2) receptor antagonism and thromboxane synthase inhibition is described. A first series of (E)- and (Z)-[[[2-(1H-imidazol-1-yl)ethylidene]amino]oxy]pentanoic acids showed relevant thromboxane synthase inhibition associated with weak TxA2 receptor antagonism, while a series of (+/-)-(E)-[[[2-(1H-imidazol-1-yl)-3-phenylpropylidene]amino]oxy] pentanoic acids, structurally derived from the former, showed potent and well-balanced dual activity. Structural requirements for significant single and dual activity are discussed. Two close congeners of the latter series, (+/-)-(E)-5-[[[1-cyclohexyl-2-(1H-imidazol-1-yl)-3- phenylpropylidene]amino]oxy]pentanoic acid 23c and its p-fluorophenyl analog 23m, inhibited TxB2 production in vitro, in rat whole blood during clotting, with IC50 of 0.06 and 0.37 microM and antagonized the binding of [3H]SQ 29548 to washed human platelets, with IC50 of 0.08 and 0.02 microM, respectively. These two compounds were selected for further pharmacological evaluation and were shown to antagonize U46619-induced platelet aggregation in human platelet rich plasma with IC50 of 0.30 and 0.44 microM, respectively. They were both orally available, and in particular...Continue Reading
Coagulation is the process by which a blood clot is formed. This process includes both the formation of a platelet plug as well as a cascade of clotting factors resulting in the formation of fibrin strands. Find the latest research on coagulation signaling pathways here.
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