PMID: 7932586Oct 14, 1994Paper

Agents combining thromboxane receptor antagonism with thromboxane synthase inhibition: [[[2-(1H-imidazol-1-yl)ethylidene]amino]oxy]alkanoic acids

Journal of Medicinal Chemistry
P CozziR Ferrario


A new class of compounds combining thromboxane-A2 (TxA2) receptor antagonism and thromboxane synthase inhibition is described. A first series of (E)- and (Z)-[[[2-(1H-imidazol-1-yl)ethylidene]amino]oxy]pentanoic acids showed relevant thromboxane synthase inhibition associated with weak TxA2 receptor antagonism, while a series of (+/-)-(E)-[[[2-(1H-imidazol-1-yl)-3-phenylpropylidene]amino]oxy] pentanoic acids, structurally derived from the former, showed potent and well-balanced dual activity. Structural requirements for significant single and dual activity are discussed. Two close congeners of the latter series, (+/-)-(E)-5-[[[1-cyclohexyl-2-(1H-imidazol-1-yl)-3- phenylpropylidene]amino]oxy]pentanoic acid 23c and its p-fluorophenyl analog 23m, inhibited TxB2 production in vitro, in rat whole blood during clotting, with IC50 of 0.06 and 0.37 microM and antagonized the binding of [3H]SQ 29548 to washed human platelets, with IC50 of 0.08 and 0.02 microM, respectively. These two compounds were selected for further pharmacological evaluation and were shown to antagonize U46619-induced platelet aggregation in human platelet rich plasma with IC50 of 0.30 and 0.44 microM, respectively. They were both orally available, and in particular...Continue Reading


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